SETAC Globe - Environmental Quality Through Science
 
  11 October 2012
Volume 13 Issue 10
 

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Why Wouldn’t You Join a SETAC Advisory Group?

Ruth Hull, Intrinsik Environmental Sciences Inc.

SETAC has fifteen global Advisory Groups (AGs), three focused in North America, six in Europe. In the July issue of the Globe, we introduced you to two North American AGs (Chemistry and Human Health Risk Assessment) and three Global AGs (Metals, Ecological Risk Assessment and Sustainability). In September’s issue, we described three European AGs (Mechanistic Effect Models, Environmental Monitoring, Extreme Stress Events and Ecosystem Recovery), one more Global AG (Exposure Modeling) and LCA that has an AG in Europe, North America and a Global Coordination Group. This month, you can find out more about five Global AGs (Sediment, Bioaccumulation Science, Ecotoxicology of Amphibians and Reptiles, Global Soils, Nanotechnology) and one European AG (Dung Organism Toxicity Testing).

Being part of an AG gives you the chance to participate in special sessions or networking events at an annual meeting, focused workshops, in online exchanges, or to contribute to books or journal articles. So, why don’t you join?

SETAC members can become a member of any Advisory Group, whether regional or global, by expressing their interest in their SETAC profile. Simply log in at www.setac.org with your user name (email address) and password. Once you are signed in as a member, select the left side navigation menu labeled "Get Involved.” Choose your group and click "Join Group” near the top of the page. Remember, you have to be signed in as a member to see the "Join Group” button. All persons with an interest in an AG are encouraged to participate. If you require any assistance, contact the SETAC office at setac@setac.org.

The Sediment Advisory Groupconsiders environmental aspects of quantity and quality of sediments, both as deposits and as suspended matter in freshwater, estuarine and marine environments. Scientific coverage includes all fields pertinent to conducting effective environmental risk assessment and management of sediment, including issues such as transport, fate, exposure, effect, impact analysis, guideline values and frameworks (regulations) and management strategies. Current working groups are addressing topics that include ecosystem-based sustainable sediment management; harmonization of methods for assessing contaminated sediments; behavior, fate and bioavailability of particle-bound contaminants in changing environments; understanding and preparing for the response of sediment contaminant systems to natural and anthropogenic disturbances and climate change; sediment quality in developing countries; reviewing sediment targets for water quality; and sediment quality bioavailability and guideline modifying factors. Contact Stu Simpson for more details or visit www.setac.org/group/AGSediment.

The Bioaccumulation Science Advisory Group (BSAG) aims to advance the state of bioaccumulation science, and increase the use of sound science in decision-making through the use of models, in vitro and in vivo data for bench-scale and site-specific and regional bioaccumulation assessments. Through regular meetings at SETAC North America and SETAC Europe meetings, BSAG serves as a communications platform to update participants on what is happening and how they might become more involved. Ongoing projects with BSAG participation include examination of how laboratory measurements compare to field measurements, discussing the reasons behind any differences and exploring the main sources of variation; increase in knowledge related to terrestrial bioaccumulation; identification of key issues and appropriate next steps regarding trophic magnification factors (TMF); development of methods to determine biotransformation rates and metabolism (e.g., S9, cryo-preserved primary hepatocytes); development of the initiative to revise the OECD 305 Guideline; and improvement and development of bioavailability models. Several publications and reports have emerged from the BSAG work. In addition, there have been several workshops with BSAG involvement, including:

  • Lab-field bioaccumulation workshop (November 2009)
  • Moving bioaccumulation assessments to the next level: progress made and challenges ahead (February 2011)
  • In vivo experts workshop (May 2012; see the report in this issue of the Globe)

Contact Henriette Selck or Mark Lampi for more details or visit www.setac.org/group/AGBioaccumulation.

The Ecotoxicology of Amphibians and Reptiles Advisory Group focuses on the range of issues identified in the literature that concern amphibians and reptiles and the role that chemical exposures have played and will continue to play in shaping their life on earth. Scientific coverage within this AG includes all fields pertinent to the study of amphibians and reptiles, including the effective environmental risk assessment and management of species occurring in a wide range of habitats worldwide. This AG collaborates with other AGs and international organizations to establish strong links that assure multi- and interdisciplinary approaches to improved characterization of the ecology and toxicology of amphibians and reptiles. Contact Christine Bishop or Jamie Bacon for more details or visit www.setac.org/group/AGEcotoxAmphibs.

The Global Soils Advisory Group provides a scientific basis for, as well as scientific guidance in, all aspects of soil testing on the laboratory, semi-field and field-level, soil-related risk assessment methodologies and soil ecotoxicology, for the benefit of the overall risk assessment of chemicals (single and mixtures) and of contaminated soil in general. In addition, non-chemical soil stressors such as compaction or climatic change are considered. Topics of interest to the group include soil ecotoxicology, biodiversity, ecological relevance for site-specific risk assessment, nanomaterials (analysis, environmental fate, effects, LCA and risk assessment) and interactions between natural and chemical stressors. Current working groups are addressing these topics. The group meets every year, at least at the annual SETAC meetings in Europe and North America. Contact Monica Amorim or Mike Simini for more details or visit www.setac.org/group/AGGlobalSoils.

The Nanotechnology Advisory Group is dedicated to investigation of environmental aspects of nanomaterials technology, ranging from toxicology and chemistry to life cycle and risk assessment; work streams focus on nanomaterial definition and characterization, environmental fate and behavior, toxicokinetics and bioaccumulation, ecotoxicology and risk assessment frameworks. Current activities are the organization of special symposia, sessions and discussion meetings at the SETAC annual meetings and separate SETAC-associated technical workshops. Contact Bart Koelmans or Jason Unrine for more details or visit www.setac.org/group/AGNano.

The Dung Organism Toxicity Testing (DOTTS) Advisory Group was established to exchange information about testing the effects of veterinary drugs on dung organisms, to develop test protocols for toxicity testing with dung flies and dung beetles and to perform ring tests with dung flies and dung beetles in order to standardise and validate the test protocols. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development has published the dung fly guideline No. 228: Determination of Developmental Toxicity of a Test Chemical to Dipteran Dung Flies (Scathophaga stercoraria L. (Scathophagidae), Musca autumnalis De Geer (Muscidae) as prepared by DOTTS in 2008. Afterwards, DOTTS members prepared an OECD guidance document (GD 122) for the performance of dung beetle tests. In the future, the group will focus on the development of a test with a dung beetle species from another ecological group as well as recommendations for higher-tier tests with veterinary pharmaceuticals. Contact Jörg Römbke for more details or visit www.setac.org/group/SEAGDung.

Author's contact information: rhull@intrinsik.com

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